Most of the Colombia is produce from arabica beans. Colombia grows mostly Arabica beans, giving its beans the light and flowery taste that many coffee lovers crave. In coffee market, Colombian beans belongs to high end coffee type, that's why the demand of this is always there.
How it grow
Colombian Coffee plants grow on steep slopes, usually dispersed with banana plants providing shade and sponging water. Coffee plants flower and then turns into coffee cherries. These will start off as green, then ripen when they turn red. Coffee cherries are picked twice a year, usually, during the rainy season, the picking can take place daily or up to every 8 days and will be one of the defining factors or quality.
There are 2 ways to conduct sorting:
- hand sorted to remove defects
- separate the cherries by grade
Coffee cherries that float in water and are ‘floated-off’ during wet-processing. Overripe, dried, damaged or deformed coffee cherries tend to float and are discarded at the beginning of wet processing. Some people also refer to them as “lights”.
Removing Outer Skin
1) Wet process : create mixture of water and sugar & adding the beans, enzymes will then eat up the remaining fruit. After this process, hull will be easily removed when dry.
2) Fermentation : carrying out fermentation without adding water and sugar. Which means the beans will sit and ferment in their own juice.
3) Dry process : drying the cherry , means that the pulp and hull can be easily removed.
4) Parchment coffee : Dried parchments are transferred to hulling facilities where the hulls are removed and the beans are packaged in large burlap bags ready for export.
The Taste of Colombia coffee
Compare to Rpbusta bean, taste of Arabica bean is lighter than the it. Beside that, strength of the coffee is depends on roasting and brewing process but not from the bean. For example, dark roast will produce bolder & bitter flavor, more frequency of grounding is able to creates a stronger cup than one with fewer. That being said, Colombia’s gentle coffee flavor is superior to some of the stronger, more bitter varieties of coffee grown around the world.
What type of coffee recipes that suitable for Colombia coffee?
- Light Roast
- Rich Cappuccino
The lighter, brighter flavors make the beans ideal for both a cup of light roast and for a rich cappuccino. Arabica beans are ideal for sweeter, lighter types of coffee and mixed coffee drinks.